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ADHD Is Risk Factor for Cardiovascular Diseases | Health, Medicine and Fitness

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MONDAY, Sept. 19, 2022 (HealthDay News) — Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases, according to a study published online Sept. 8 in World Psychiatry.

Lin Li, Ph.D., from Örebro University in Sweden, and colleagues conducted a nationwide population-based cohort study to examine the risk for overall and specific groups of cardiovascular diseases among people with ADHD. Swedish registers identified 5,389,519 individuals born between 1941-1983 without any known cardiovascular diseases. From Jan. 1, 2001 to Dec. 31, 2013, incident cardiovascular disease events were examined.

After an average of 11.80 years, the researchers found that 38.05% of ADHD sufferers and 23.57% of ADHD-free people had at least 1 diagnosis of cardiovascular disease. After adjustment for sex, year of birth, and type 2 diabetes mellitus, there was a significant association for ADHD with an increased likelihood for any cardiovascular disease (hazard rate, 2.05). Although the association was diminished, it was still significant after adjustment for education level, birth place, type 2 diabetes mellitus and obesity, as well as for heavy smoking (hazard rate, 1.84). Further adjustment for psychiatric complications attenuated the association but it remained significant (hazard rate, 1.65). The strongest associations were seen for cardiac arrest, hemorrhagic stroke, and peripheral vascular disease/arteriosclerosis (hazard ratios, 2.28, 2.16, and 2.05, respectively).

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“These findings underscore the importance of carefully monitoring cardiovascular health in adults with ADHD, and highlight a critical need for development of age-appropriate and individualized strategies to reduce the risk of cardiovascular morbidity in ADHD people,”The authors write.

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